Tuesday, December 12, 2017

Indian nurses step by step process to work in States !!

Image result for usa nursingThe dream of most Indian as well as Philippine nurses is to go to the United States and work there. There are several reasons for nurses to nurture this ambition right from their college days. The dream of these young nurses will only become reality when they take the right steps. Here, the various steps that need to be taken by foreign, mainly the Indian and Philippine nurses to go abroad are listed.
This is a well researched article that has been written after verifying the process from various sources. This time tested method has been followed by many people to go abroad. So, if you are a nurse who is adequately qualified, but do not know the right steps to practice your profession in the USA, continue reading…
1. Educational qualification requirement for nurses to work in USA:
a. You should have graduated from an accredited institute in your country of origin.
b. You should hold a valid registration in the nursing council in the country and also have a license as a registered nurse / midwife.
c. Experience is also needed. A minimum of two years experience will help speed up the process of application.
What if…..
a. You do not have the required qualification?

Answer: You will need to complete a coursework in the United States. This course work could include classroom learning as well as clinical work under the supervision of a registered nurse. This is also called as the Foreign Educated Nurses (FEN) refresher course, which could last up to 120 hours.
2. English Competency Requirement:
a. There are three different tests available and you need to take one of them, based on the requirement of the employer / recruiting agency
b. Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) or the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) are the two common tests that are preferred.
c. Remember that the English test results have to be forwarded by the test authorities directly to the nursing board in the USA.
3. Pass the National Council Licensing Examination – Registered Nurse (NCLEX – RN).
Passing the National Council Licensing Examination to work as a Registered Nurse is a very important requirement for nurses to be employed in the USA. Nurses from Philippines or India can take this exam in their own country. This has made the whole process easier and many more people are able to clear this exams. Previously India was not a center for the exams and nurses who wanted to clear this exam had to go to the USA. The step by step process of applying for the NCLEX and taking the exams are written elsewhere in this site.
4. Recruitment through a recruiting agency / employer:
The next step is to ensure that you are recruited to a job in the USA. This is possible when you are directly recruited by an employer in the United States. The other possibility is by using the help of a recruiting agency that will sponsor your application for the visa or they will be able to find a job for you in the US. Remember that the recruiting agency will only find a job for you and you will have to prove yourself on the job to get permanent residentship. If you are not good in your job, you are likely to be on your own.
5. RN Immigrant visa:
Obtaining this is easy if you have an employer or a recruiting agency applying for it on your behalf. A visa screen certificate will also be sent to Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools (CGFNS) by the authorities.
6. RN Visa interview and medical examination process:
These are all formalities after the difficult process that has been completed.
a. This is the stage where you will have your file sent by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) to the National Visa Center (NVC) for further processing.
b. The embassy will issue a visa for you after you successfully clear the visa interview, which is likely to be the last hurdle before you start working in the USA as a nurse.
c. You will also be required to undergo a medical examination before you are issued the visa.
d. The issuing of the visa may take a few days to a few weeks, usually. In unusual situations, it may be delayed for a much longer period or it may be denied.
7. Join work:
Once you get a visa, you can also reserve your flight tickets. You can contact your employer to know the date when you have to join work. You may also have to complete the other formalities that your employer in the United States requires from you.
It is important that every nurse who uses the help of an agent to go abroad tries to avoid unscrupulous ones. This will help you in avoiding losing money. Read more about how to avoid unscrupulous agents and choose the right nurse recruitment agency for going abroad.
For more details on what role you can play in the nursing profession while working in USA, please subscribe to our newsletter or send an email requesting information.
Look out in these columns for the Step by step process for Indian / Philippine nurses to work in Australia and also in various other countries around the world.
You can also learn about the H1B visa process for USA
Click :http://ajmal-mahdee.blogspot.com/2017/12/to-obtain-h-1b-visa-step-by-step.html
Update on US Visa status
The Executive Order by the White house, which is the order by the Trump administration talks of a different system to provide H1B visas to applicants. The current system of lottery will be abolished and a new system which will recruit only the most skilled person and a highly qualified person will replace the existing system. 
Copllection by M.Ajmal Khan.

Sunday, December 10, 2017

To obtain a H-1B visa step by step process for Professionals ( Nurses & 16 yr Education) in States !!

The United States of America has been the land of opportunities for many generations of people from developing countries and underdeveloped countries. One of the evergreen professions where there is constant demand in the USA is the nursing profession. Are you a nurse who is planning to work or even settle down in the USA? If you are..then you are in luck because the nursing profession is in great demand in the USA.

Demand for nurses

Just like any profession in demand, the nursing professionals also command a high remuneration for their work. Statistics show that more than 9% of the nursing jobs in the United States are vacant. As the healthcare system improves and customized individual care for patients increases, the demand for nurses will further increase. The demand is likely to multiply manifold in the coming years. One of the most popular visas used to visit the USA is the H-1B Visa.

What is H1 B visa?

H-1B visa is a visa provided to foreign workers by the United States through the Immigration and Nationality Act. The section of the Immigration and Nationality Act is 101(a)(17)(H). This act makes it possible for U.S. employers to allow highly qualified workers from other countries. These workers can enter the United states for a determined period of time and work in some specified specialty occupations.

Salary for nurses and other professionals arriving with H1B Visa

A landmark legislation in the US House of Representatives says that any visa holder has to be paid at least $130,000. This is the minimum yearly salary that has to be paid to the worker. This is a landmark bill because it prevents certain professionals from arriving in the US. It would not be cost effective for the company to bring such professionals, who will be replaced with Americans. On the other hand, it will help to bring in higher qualified professionals who are needed in USA, especially nurses and other professionals with Masters degrees.
Nurses in USA are paid more than $130,000. So, it would be appropriate for more nurses to apply under the H1B visa category. The only disadvantage of the H1B visa for nurses is that you need to find an employer who is willing to sponsor you under this category. So, if you are able to find an employer in the US, who is willing to sponsor you under the H1B visa category, it would be great. The employer must be willing to pay the H1B visa minimum salary

How does the demand for nurses make it possible for you to obtain a H-1B visa?

H-1B visa is always provided to workers, but the worker has to be hired by an employer from the USA. So, only qualified professionals who are in demand in the USA will be provided jobs by US based employers. So, if you are a nurse, since your profession is in demand, an employer in the USA is more than likely to hire you.
What is the H-1B Visa?
This is a visa that is offered to eligible people (professional and skilled workers), who will be able to work in the USA. This is the reason for this visa to also be known as the ‘work visa’ and you are eligible to work in USA with this visa. The application for your visa needs to be forwarded by your employer. If the application is approved, you will be issued a visa with which you can work in the USA.
Steps in obtaining a H-1B Visa
1. Eligibility: Check if you are eligible for the visa application. You should at least hold a Bachelor degree for you to apply for this visa. You should also be a skilled worker. Nurses and other healthcare workers can apply under this scheme. Other people who can apply are those with Engineering, Mathematics, computer science, business and other specialties.
2. Employer application: Your potential employer will file the H1B petition for you to get the visa. There are several nursing agencies that will help a nurse to obtain a job in a potential hospital and apply through them. The employer will apply to the US Immigration department.
3. Visit to US consulate / embassy: If the H1B visa application is approved, you will be able to use it to fix an appointment with the US consulate which is close to your home.
4. Other activities to do in the application process for a H1B visa
a. A digital photograph is required for applying and it should be as per specifications.
b. The visa interview appointment will be provided to you only when you complete the HIB visa application, which is form DS160.
c. Pay the visa application fees.
d. Obtain appointment for your visa interview. This can be done online through the website.
e. Fingerprinting has to be done before you go for your visa interview and so this needs to be completed at least a day before the interview.
f. Appear for the interview with the relevant documents that are required. You need to take your passport, your digital photo, DS-160 application, payment of visa fee receipt, visa appointment letter and other documents that are mentioned in this article.
Duration of stay in USA with H1B visa: The usual duration of stay allowed with any H1B visa is for 3 years. But, in special circumstances, an extension of another 3 years may be approved. And, this has to be applied for before the expiry of the previous visa.
Documents that are required for H1B visa application:
1. Your Valid passport copy has to be submitted so that the validity is confirmed.
2. Educational certificate copies (Degree / mark lists / transcription).
3. Letter from the current employer, and it should state your employment status.
4. Copies of all of your experience certificates, for verification.
5. Other additional qualifications / certifications and achievements that you may have.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) regarding H1B visa
Can a person travel and have multiple times entry into USA with a H1B visa?
Yes. A person who holds a valid H1B visa can travel from and to the USA. You can travel as many number of times as required. But, you should ensure that the H1B visa is valid.
Can I change my job to another employer while in USA?
Yes, you will be able to change your job, but it is subject to the H1B transfer.

H-1B Visa
H-1B Visa

Can I take my family along with me?
Yes, you can take your spouse and also children (if they are unmarried and less than 21 years of age). They can come to the USA on H4 category, but they can stay only till the validity of your H1B visa.
Is it possible to travel outside US while having a H1 B visa?
Yes. It is possible for you to travel outside US and not only that, but you can even stay for any duration you like. But you should go back before the visa expires for you to be allowed entry into the USA. But, you need to remember that you cannot stay too long. If you stay very long, then the immigration officer may think that you are working elsewhere. Also, you need to renew the visa before the last day.
Tips for nurses from India / Philippines who want to work in USA
The two countries from where thousands of nurses relocate to the United States are India and Philippines. There are reasons for the huge number of nurses leaving these countries. The good pay and working conditions for nurses that are available in the USA are two reasons. 
How will a person be selected if the number of applicants are more?
It is commonly seen that the number of applicants for the H1B visa are much more than the number of people who can enter US through this visa. So, the USCIS has formulated a lottery method. through this method, each of the applicants who apply for the H1B visa has a equal chance of entering the USA.
The problem with the current H1B visa system
The problem with the lottery system is that the whole process has been hijacked by some companies. These companies that have branches in US and other parts of the world, try to apply numerous applications on behalf of their employees. The result is that many other genuine applicants are unable to enter the USA.
The solution by the US government
The US government, which is the Trump Administration at present has devised a method to prevent the systematic abuse of the H1B visa system. The administration has made a Presidential Executive Order. This order states that the people who apply for a H1B visa will be eligible based on their qualification and also their pay in USA. A person who is most skilled and highest paid will stand a better chance of entering the US than a person with poor skills and low pay. This ensures that the best talent enters America and this is a Win-Win situation, where the best qualified people will be able to enter the United States.

Changes to the H1B visa by the Trump government

What is the major worry of nurses who are planning to go to USA? They worry about the changes to the H1B visa system by the Trump government. Some people feel that it makes it difficult for nurses to go abroad. The truth is that if you are a qualified nurse with adequate education and credentials, it is not a disadvantage with the new system. You will stand a equal chance of getting into the United States.
The health care system in USA is dependent on the foreign health workers with nearly 30% of the workforce being foreign nationals. In 2014 and 2015, 15,000 health care workers entered the USA with the H!B visa. Are you a nurse applying for job through the H1B visa system? You can be assured that you will get a better opportunity in the present system. It is also likely to ensure that you are able to work in better conditions with a higher pay.

Wednesday, December 6, 2017

சுற்றுலா வாகன ஓட்டுனரின் அவல நிலை கேளீர்..

சுற்றுலா வாகன ஒட்டியாகிய  என் நண்பன் ஒருவனுடைய ஆதங்கம் !!
தன்னுடைய குடும்பத்தை காப்பாற்றுவதற்காக நாங்கள் படும் அவஸ்தைகள் பலர் அறிந்திருக்க வாய்ப்பில்லை.
Related imageதன்னோடு மற்றவர்களின் உயிரையும் சேர்த்து பாதுகாப்பாக கொண்டு சேர்க்கும் எங்களுக்கு குறைந்தபட்சம் 400 ரூபாய் சம்பளம். அந்த சொற்ப வருமானத்தில் ஒரு வேலை சாப்பிட்டும் சாப்பிடாமலும் மிச்சம் பிடித்து வீட்டில் சேர்ப்பதில் தான் எங்கள் தினந்தோறும் நடக்கும் போராட்டம்.
வெளியூரில் தங்கும் போது பல சமயங்களில் காரில் தான் தூங்கவேண்டும். அந்த கொடுமையை சொல்லியே ஆக வேண்டும். கார் ஒட்டி வந்த களைப்பில் தூங்க முற்ச்சிக்கத்தான் முடியும். தூங்க முடியாது காத்து வரட்டுமே என கண்ணாடியை இறக்கினால் கொசுத்தொல்லை கண்ணாடியை மூடினால் வியர்த்து கொட்டும் அந்த சூழல் சொன்னால் புரியாது அனுபவித்தவனுக்கு தான் தெரியும்.
எங்களோடு பயணிக்கும் விருந்தினர்கள் பலரும் இதை உணர்வதில்லை காரை போல எங்களையும் இயந்திரமாக பார்ப்பவர்கள் தான் அதிகம். வாகனத்தில் பயணிக்கும் போது, சிலர் தண்ணியடித்து மரியாதையை இல்லாமல் பேசுவது என இம்சை வேறு சிலசமயம்!
அவர்கள் தங்கும் விடுதியில் அவர்களின் உடமைகளை எடுத்து கொடுக்கும் ஒட்டல் சிப்பந்திக்கு பகட்டாக பணத்தை வாரி வழங்குவார்கள். அவர்களை பாதுகாப்பாக கொண்டு செல்லும் எங்களை சாப்பிட்டாயா என கூட கேட்பவர்கள் வெகுசிலரே.நாங்களும் மனிதர்கள்தான்! கொஞ்சம் மதியுங்கள்.

வாகன ஓட்டுனரின் பாதுகாப்பு...
வாகன ஓட்டுனர்கள் வெளியூர் செல்லும் இடங்களில் தங்க இடவசதி இல்லாத காரணத்தினால் அவர்கள் காரிலேயே அமர்ந்து உறங்குகிறார்கள் இதனால் கொசுக்கடி, காற்று இல்லாத நிலை, இடவசதி இல்லாத நிலை அடுத்தநாள் காலை கண் எரிச்சல் உடல் சோர்வு காரணமாக வாகனத்தை இயக்கி விபத்துக்கு ஆளாகிறார்கள். ஆதலால் பொதுமக்களுக்கு ஒரு சிறிய வேண்டுகோள் வாகன உரிமையாளர்கள், ஹோட்டல், காம்ப்ளெக்ஸ் நிறுவனங்கள் ஓட்டுனர்களுக்கு தங்கும் இடம் குடுத்தால் அவர்கள் புத்துணர்ச்சியுடன் வாகனத்தை இயக்கி விபத்துகளை தவிர்த்திடலாம்...

ஓட்டுனரின்அவல நிலை கேளீர்..
கண் விழித்து காத்திடுவான்''
கவலை மறந்து ஓட்டிடுவான்
எப்போதும் விழித்திருப்பான்
எல்லோர்க்கும் வழி விடுவான்
ஒருவேளை சாப்பாடு
மறுவேளை பெரும்பாடு,
ஊருவிட்டு ஊரு போவான்
இவன் பேரு மட்டும் மறந்திருப்பான்,
படுத்த இடம் தூங்கிடுவான்
இவன் படும்பாடு புரியாது,
பள்ளம் மேடு பார்த்திடுவான் உள்ளம் அறிந்து உதவிடுவான்,
மழை வெயிலில் ஓட்டிடுவான்
மயிரிழையில் உயிர் பிழைப்பான்,
நால்புறமும் கண்ணிருக்கும்
இவன் மனசு மட்டும் வீட்டிலிருக்கும்,
எல்லோர்க்கும் 'ஒலி'கொடுப்பான்
இவன் 'வலி'மட்டும் விலகாது,
எல்லோர்க்கும் கை கொடுப்பான்
இவன் கை மட்டும் காச்சிருக்கும்,
முன் சீட்டில் இவன் இருப்பான்
பின் சீட்டில் பல உயிர் இருக்கும்,
கண்ணாடியை இவன் பார்ப்பான்
மனக்கண்ணாடி இவனை பார்க்கும்,
யார் யாரோ வருவாங்க போவாங்க..!
இவன் வியர்வை மட்டும்
இவனை விட்டு போகாது,
இரவு பகல் ஓட்டிடுவான்
இறுதியிலும் அசரமாட்டான்,
பசி வந்தா தேநீரு
பசி மறக்க தண்ணீரு,
இவன் மனைவியின் கையை விட..!
ஸ்டியரிங்'கைதான் அதிக நேரம் பிடிச்சிருப்பான்,
பாவப்பட்ட ஜென்மம் இவன்
பழி போட்டா தாங்க மாட்டான்,
இவன் காசுக்காக வண்டி ஓட்டல
வயித்துக்காக வண்டி ஓட்டுறான்..
ஓட்டுனரை நேசிப்போம்
கை கொடுப்போம் காத்திடுவோம்...
இவர்களும் மனிதர்கள்தான்! கொஞ்சம் மதியுங்கள். நீங்கள் சுற்றுலா செல்லும் போது உங்களை பத்திரமாக அழைத்து செல்லும் இவர்கள் தான் உங்கள் பாதுகாவலன் என்பதை மட்டும் நினைவில் கொள்ளுங்கள்!
வாழ்க்கை பயணமாக இருந்தாலும், வாகன பயணமாக இருந்தாலும் விட்டுக்கொடுப்பவர்கள் நீங்களாக இருந்தால் ஜெய்ப்பதும் நீங்களாகவே இருப்பீர்கள்.
இன்று முதல் நம்  நண்பர்கள் அனைவரும் ஹெல்மெட், சீட் பெல்ட் அணிந்து சாலை விதிகளை கடைப்பிடித்து அனைவருக்கும் முன்னோடியாக நாம் மாறலாம்.

Tuesday, December 5, 2017


Total Marks  50



A. Multiple Choices
1 × 20 =20
Which Engineerig Procedure code is using for HVAC Inspection Requirements?
a) 27-SAIP-01
b) 15-SAIP-50
c) 32-SAIP-11
d) 00-SAIP-06

Which Test report mentioned for Fire Damper Field Test?
a) SATR-K-4003
b) SATR-K-4001
c) SATR-K-4004
d) SATR-K-4006

One Ton of refrigeration is equal to….
a) 22000 Btu/hr
b) 18000 Btu/hr
c) 12000 Btu/hr
d) 6000 Btu/hr

Change of state from liquid to vapor is…..
a) Evaporation
b) Condensation
c) Heat Exchange
d) Infiltration

Calibration Validity period of Pressure Gauge is……
a) One Month
b) Two Weeks
c) One Year
d) One Week

Calibration Validity period of Pressure Relief Valve is…….
a) One Month
c) One Year
b) Two Weeks
d) One Week

……………… is mentioned in SATIP-K-001-01.
a) Centrifugul Fan
b) Air Handling unit
c) Tab of HVAC System
d) Refrigerent Piping

How Many Watt Power Lights to be used per square feet for Duct leak test?
a) 25 Watts
b) 50 Watts
c) 75 Watts
d) 100 Watts

Branch duct dampers shall be sheetmetal ……………………... Type.
a) Gate
b) Butterfly
c) Louver
d) Radial vane

Equipment clearance shall be provided with a minimum of……………………….
a) 1 m
b) 1.5 m
c) 2 m
d) 2.5 m

Exhaust Fan shall have ………………which shall be close when Fan is off.
a) Smoke Dampers
b) Back draft Dampers
c) Fire Dampers
d) Volume Dampers

What is Mentioned in SATIP-N-001 & 002?
a) Cold & Hot service insulation
b) Air Filteration Devices and Grease Filter
c) HVAC Metal Duct System
d) AC Split Systems-Direct Expansion (DX) Type

 Which SAIC to be used in AHU Receiving, Handling, Storage and Preservation?
a) SAIC-K-4002
b) SAIC-K-4004
c) SAIC-K-4005
d) SAIC-K-4003

Location of fresh air intake shall be at a minimum of ……….meters above grade.
a) 1.5 m
b) 2.4 m
c) 3 m
d) 3.5 m

Why we use FACP connected in HVAC Control panel?
a) To reduce the power of HVAC Equipment
b) To control the Fire Alarm
c) To Energize the HVAC Equipment
d) To Shut down the HVAC Equipment

Smoke damper blades shall be minimum of ………  galvanized steel.
a) 12 gauge
b) 24 gauge
c) 22 gauge
d) 14 gauge

Which SAIC has to be used in Refrigerant Piping lay-out inspection?
a) SAIC-K-4006
b) SAIC-K-4016
c) SAIC-K-4026
d) SAIC-K-4036

Why we are go for TAB?
a) To encounter the trouble in the system.
b) To keep off the maintenance problem.
c) To Energize the Equipment. 
d) None of above.
e) All of above.

Fan and Heat exchanger for cooling or heating assembled in a common casing called as?
b) FCU
c) Duct Heater
d) Humidifier

Why Humidifier use in Air Conditioning System?
a) Condensation
b) Moister removal
c) Humidification
d) Dehumidification

B. Abbreviation
What are the abbreviation of these legends in SATIP?
a) H -
b) W -
c) R -
d) S -
e) RH-
Give the abbreviation of the following acronyms:
 c) UPC-
d) ARI-
e) NEBB-

 Explain any 5 types of Insulation used in HVAC system?
C. Line Diagram
Draw single line diagram of a refrigeration cycle and identify the components.
Saudi Aramco HVAC QC Interview Questions (Sample-2) 
Total Marks100
1 Marks Question 1x30= 30    

1.    What  is the Inspection engineering code for HVAC Inspection Requirements?
Ans : 27-SAIP-01

2.    What is SATR –K-001?
Ans: fire damper test
3.    What  SAES-K-003 mentioned in the about Saudi Aramco standard?

4.    What SATIP-A-004-02 Mentioned related in HVAC?
5.    What is SATIP-K-001-11 Mentioned?ANS: split units (dx unts)

6.    What is SATIP-A-004-05  mentioned?
Ans:CHW system
7.    What is SATIP-N-001&002 Mentioned

8.    Which SA checklist  used for Air Moving Cooling Valve and Apparatus Arrangement Installation (DX Units)

9.    What is SATIP-L-2006?
10. What SATR-K-006 mentioned  in HVAC?
ans:TAB hvac system
11. What is SATIP-K-001-01 Mentioned? ans: centrifugal fan
12. What are the abbreviation legends for H, W, S, R, RH, I in SAIC?
13. What is SAIC-S-4019?
14. What is SATIP-N-001&002 Mentioned?
15. What is SAIC-K-4001?ans:exshust fan receiving
16. What is SATIP-K-001-02 Mentioned? ans:ahu
17. Which data sheet mentioned about reciprocating compressor?
18. Which  is SA standard mentioned about  HVAC?ans: saes-k-4001
19. Which  SA checklist  used for Final inspection of HVAC System)saic-k-4043
20. This standard SAES-K-002 mentioned about Saudi Aramco?
21. Which SATIP and SAIC used for Copper line?ans: satip-k-001-07&saic-k-4026
22. What is Ashrare, Smacna, DW 144, DW143 Standards?ans:sheet metal air condition contract association
23. What is vendor code? Explain.
24. Where does  shut off valve used  in DX Line?ans:discharge line
25. What SAEP-3101 mentioned?
26. What  is the Inspection engineering code for HVAC Inspection Requirements?
27. How long Calibration  validity for pressure relief  valve and pressure gauge?ans:1 week&1 month
28. What is SAIC-S-4032 ?ans:passivle cold shelter installation
29. This standard SAES-K-002 mentioned about Saudi Aramco?
30. Which  SA checklist  used for Air Terminal Devices (Volume Dampers and Duct Heaters) Receiving.ans: saic-k- 4009

2 Mark Question  20 x2 = 40 Marks.

1.    Why Shaft provided in the Building? What are the MEP activities accessible from the Shaft? Ans: Shaft is a life line of building .MEP activities are to use of HVAC systems, electrical bus bar and cables, Plumbing & Drainage  pipe to passing .
2.    How many types of leak testing in ducts
3.    What are HVAC equipments used in EPC (On Shore/ Off shore/ RIG)?
4.    What are the document required to conduct the Material Inspection?
Ans :purchasing order, Delivery Note, vender certificate. Material data sheet, Mill Test Certificate.
5.    What is TEV and Feeler bulb and where will be installed at what position?
6.    Why does Chemical filtration unit using Instead of Pressurization unit?
7.    What does Air stack? Why & Where it will be installed and requirements?
8.    How many watt power lights used  per area  for Duct leak test? Ans:500 watts per 10 squre feet duct.
9.    Why does Penetration (sleeve & Box outs) used on walls and ceiling? Ans: using sleeve for removing material & box out using reduce sound drop pressure .
10. Describe Space heater requirement for HVAC Equipment Motor?
11. .Explain about flushing and Vacuum Requirements in Ref.Piping?.
    Ans :vacuum pump .pressure relief valve .pressur gaje.nitrogen gas.bleed   valve
12. What is the difference between Pressure relief damper and Blast prove Damper? How it's working?
Ans: pressure relief damper works depend on pressure of air in side the duct.
13. What relation between Gas damper and fire damper Integrated Fire Panel and Gas panel? Explain briefly?
14. What is pressurization in the HVAC System.
15. Why we have to provide u trap in Refrigerant & condensation Line.
16. Merits & Demerits of Air cooled system ?
17. What is the difference between NCR and LBE? How will you observe at the site? How to Close it?
18. What is AK Factor ?
19.  What is Sand Trap louver ? where will be installed ? Why ?
20.  What is VFD ? How to control the Air flow & Liquid ?

10 Marks Question  6 X 5 = 30 Marks.
1.    What have you lesson learned from your past jobs that related to HVAC QA/QC Inspector?

2.    Do you have Pressure testing, inspection experience in DX system? Explain  briefly?

3.    Explain Humidifier & Duct heater used in Supply Air Duct ?

4.    Explain & Sketch P & E Diagram .

5.    Explain & Sketch of Psychometric chart ? 

6.    Explain  about Home country and  abroad Job experience briefly